Pledge About

Sandra Brooke

Director of Coral Conservation, Marine Conservation Institute

Presentation: Surveillance and Enforcement of Remote Maritime Areas

The presentation will include overview of the challenges facing surveillance and enforcement in remote areas, and a summary of the various technologies available to address these challenges. We will then discuss two case studies in which MCI and partners addressed surveillance and enforcement options for large protected areas; one in a very large and remote part of the central Pacific and the other off the populated coast of the southeastern US.


Dr. Brooke’s primary objective is to identify sensitive coral ecosystems, advocate for their protection from damaging activities, and ensure adequate enforcement of regulations. After completing undergraduate and M.Sc. degrees in England, Dr. Brooke spent a few years working in mosquito control in the Cayman Islands, where she learned to dive and discovered marine ecosystems. She then obtained an M.A in Marine Biology from Virginia Institute of Marine Science and a Ph.D (2002) from the University of Southampton UK, where her research examined reproductive ecology of a deep water coral Oculina varicosa. Dr. Brooke's research efforts have focused on deep coral ecosystems in the Norwegian Fjords, Aleutian Islands, US South Atlantic Bight and Gulf of Mexico, and most recently the deepwater mid-Atlantic canyons. Since joining Marine Conservation Institute in 2008, she has worked to locate and win protection for deep-sea coral ecosystems in the southeastern US and conducted research on deep corals in the Gulf of Mexico for post-Deepwater Horizon oil spill damage assessment. She has also worked extensively on shallow coral reefs in the Caribbean and south Florida. She has courtesy research faculty position at the University of Oregon and serves on the South Atlantic Fishery Management Council’s Coral Advisory Panel and holds the Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary Advisory Council Conservation Seat. Dr Brooke is part of MCI’s surveillance and enforcement strategy team, which highlights and seeks to solve the challenges of effective enforcement in remote marine protected areas.

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